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November 18, 2020 at 8:48 pm #4794Health Through Housing AdminKeymaster
According to the WHO, open defecation causes a number of health risks and diseases such as cholera, diarrhea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid, and polio. Poor sanitation also causes 280,000 diarrhea-related deaths every year and is a major factor in multiple neglected tropical diseases, including intestinal worms, schistosomiasis, and trachoma.
In 2015, in rural Cameroon, almost 14% of the population practiced open defecation, the highest value in the last 15 years, 60% have unimproved sanitation, 7% have limited sanitation, and the remaining 18% have access to basic sanitation facilities.
Open defecation is very common in Idenau, a mid-sized municipality in the Sud-Ouest (Southwest) of the Republic of Cameroon. Residents walk to the beaches everyday to defecate openly due to the lack of toilets in the community. Other issues regarding sanitation include dumping of household and other solid waste in and around the community, poor drainage systems with open gutters, limited access to potable water, and poor road networks.
ARCHIVE Global was commissioned by the Idenau Municipality and CROSS UK to conduct an Infrastructure Needs Assessment for Idenau to identify, assess, and analyze challenges and opportunities in the area of disease transmission and prevention, local conditions and traditional approaches to design, and construction in the city of Idenau.
The needs assessment analysis demonstrated that:
- 72% of respondents practiced open defecation
- 85% of respondents strongly agreed that open defecation is bad, and it puts their children at risk of disease
- 92% of respondents said that drinking water was not available to them year-round
- 97% of respondents said that they do not have access to a handwashing facility
The Needs Assessment allowed ARCHIVE Global to understand and illustrate Idenau’s need for adequate sanitation infrastructure and access to clean water. With the Needs Assessment in hand, the municipality has a proof of their need and actionable recommendations to fundraise towards.
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